Countries that do not submit to American economic hegemony are deemed enemies, and the military is ultimately sent in to implement “regime change.” But the US pursuit of this grotesquely distorted foreign policy is always stated in the name of God, democracy, freedom and, of course, "human rights".|
"The Worldwide control of humanity's economic, social and political activities is under the helm of US corporate and military power. Underlying this process are various schemes of direct and indirect military intervention. These US sponsored strategies ultmately consist in a process of global subordination.
US strategists, in an attempt to justify their military interventions in different parts of the World, have conceptualised the greatest fraud in US history, namely "the Global War on Terror". Using fabricated pretexts for war and invasion, this constitutes a global war against all those who oppose US hegemony. A modern form of slavery, instrumented through militarization and the "free market" has unfolded." (1)
Historically, periods of imperial decline are marked by a rapid acceleration of international conflict and war, as the declining power seeks to control as much as it can as fast as it can.
And in this we can see America’s insane expansion of war, conflict and militarization everywhere in the world. The prospects of a new global war are increasing with every accelerated military adventure.
The primary antagonist in this theatre of the absurd is without a doubt, the United States. If the world is headed for World War III, it is because America has made such a situation inevitable.
A companion piece to this page is "US-Supported Dictatorships", a report and summary of the US-installed dictators during the past several decades. You can access this page here.
Another is the "The US Record on Human Rights", confirming that the US has had a very long record of abominable war crimes and human rights violations, and must assuredly have the worst record in the world by this measure. It appears impossible to avoid the conclusion from US actions that "human rights" are reserved exclusively for White Americans and Israeli Jews. You can access this page here.
A third article that shares this overall topic is one titled, "American Torture: The US and the Abuse of Prisoners", which tracks a 60-year history of the US government's active involvement in torture - and in training others to do the same. You can access the article here.
Another one you should read is titled, "The CIAs Greatest Hits" - A list of US Government Assassination Plots. You can access it here.
A more inclusive set of articles is contained in the "Understanding America" section of this site, which can be accessed here, while many articles and editorials on Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo Bay, as well as much more on US Foreign Policy, can be accessed here.
The tables below provide 130 examples of US military aggression against 55 different countries. They contain only the more notable military incursions, so the list is not even remotely complete. Over the years, the US has invaded more than 160 different countries, and has had many hundreds of smaller engagements. For various reasons, it also failed to execute other planned invasions.
During the past ten years we have seen emerge a pattern of suppression which now has justified the presence of U.S. military "advisors" in Venezuela. This need to maintain social stability for US commercial investments accounts for the counter-revolutionary action of American forces in Guatemala. It tells why American helicopters are being used against guerrillas in Colombia and why American napalm and green beret forces have already been active against rebels in Peru.|
The data are sorted by geographical area, country and date, with a brief commentary which will be expanded in due course.
Hidden in the data are the numerous cases where the US initiated a systematic program of aggressive provocation to encourage retaliation which would then justify a declaration of war. Iraq and Iran curently fall into this category, as does North Korea.
Also hidden are the numerous "false flag" incidents where the US either destroyed one of its own vessels or claimed such destruction, again to justify entry to a war. The Gulf of Tonkin incident to justify US involvement in Vietnam is one well-known case but there are many others, beginning with the apparent deliberate sinking of the USS Maine in Havana in 1898, justifying the US launching of the Spanish-American war.
North Korea is the most blatant current example of false-flag operation, where it appears almost certain the sinking of the Cheonan was engineered by other than North Korea. Readers may not be aware that several members of the international committee examining the evidence walked away after refusing to accept the US version of events.
Equally, numerous other provocations and false flag incidents were planned but not executed. One well-documented one involves the almost fanatic and desperate effort on the part of the CIA and the US military to invade Cuba during JFK's presidency. The situation became so heated that the Kennedys were apparently afraid of the possibility of a coup by the US military.
You can read about the Cuba incident in two parts here. It makes for fascinating reading. The first is an article on "Operation Northwoods", which holds the contents of a declassified document detailing an extensive false flag operation to justify an invasion of Cuba. Startlingly, the CIA was so out of control that the plan even recommended concocting a scenario in which an American plane carrying “a group of college students,” would be flown over Cuba and shot down, to be blamed on Cuba. There is great fear in many parts of the US today that the CIA is even more out of control today.
The second article is a well-resarched piece relating all the detail of Kennedy's battles with the CIA and the military, that apparently led to his assassination.
The CIA, the Pentagon, and the `Peace President`The National Security State and the Assassination of JFK
Acknowledgement is given to ZOLTÁN GROSSMAN of the Evergreen State College in Washington state, for collection of much of the basic event listing below, information which I have used as a basis for the preparation of some of this report while adding to and enlarging upon his original work.
The tables of US Military Interventions below do not include:
|ARGENTINA||1890||Troops sent to Buenos Aires to protect US commercial interests.|
|BOLIVIA||1986||Army assists raids on cocaine region.|
|CHILE||1891||Marines sent in to battle nationalists.|
|CHILE||1973||Command operation: CIA-backed coup ousts elected marxist president.|
|COLOMBIA||2003-2011||US special forces sent to protect oil pipeline.|
|CUBA||1898-1902||US fabricates sinking of ship as excuse to invade and seize Cuba from Spain. US has violated Guantanamo Treaty but still holds Navy base.|
|CUBA||1906-09||Marines land to control democratic election.|
|CUBA||1912||Troops sent in to protect U.S. commercial interests.|
|CUBA||1917-33||Troops create Military occupation, Cuba becomes economic protectorate.|
|CUBA||1961||Command operation: CIA-directed exile invasion fails due to lack of local support.|
|CUBA||1962||Blockade during missile crisis; near-war with Soviet Union.|
|DOMINICAN REPUBLIC||1903-04||Troops sent in to protect U.S. commercial interests.|
|DOMINICAN REPUBLIC||1914||Naval troops sent in to battle over Santo Domingo.|
|DOMINICAN REPUBLIC||1916-24||8-year Marine occupation of the country.|
|DOMINICAN REPUBLIC||1965-66||Marines land and exercise control during election campaign.|
|EL SALVADOR||1932||US Warships sent to El Salvador to assist in the peasant revolt against the US-sponsored dictator Martinez. Countless tens of thousands of civilians were slaughtered.|
|EL SALVADOR||1981-1992||Under US-sponsored dictator Christiani, 34 families owned 95% of all the wealth in the country, and the peasants revolted. This was a US military Command operation, in a war against the civilian population.|
|GRENADA||1983-84||Invasion four years after revolution.|
|GUATEMALA||1920||US military intervention against unionists.|
|GUATEMALA||1954||Command operation: bombing, nuclear threat. CIA directs exile invasion after new gov't nationalized U.S. companies; bombers based in Nicaragua.|
|GUATEMALA||1966-67||Command operation: Green Berets intervene against opposition.|
|HAITI||1891||Troops sent to crack down on Black revolt on Navassa.|
|HAITI||1914-34||19-year military occupation after revolts against US control.|
|HAITI||1994||Blockade against military government; US military restores President Aristide to office three years after coup.|
|HAITI||2004-05||Marines land after right-wing rebels oust elected President Aristide, who was advised to leave by Washington.|
|HONDURAS||1903||Marines intervene in revolution against dictator.|
|HONDURAS||1907||Marines land during war with Nicaragua|
|HONDURAS||1911||U.S. interests protected in civil war.|
|HONDURAS||1912||Marines protect U.S. economic interests.|
|HONDURAS||1924-25||Landed twice during election strife.|
|HONDURAS||1919||Marines land during election campaign.|
|HONDURAS||1983-89||Maneuvers help build bases near borders.|
|MEXICO||1913||Americans evacuated during revolution.|
|MEXICO||1914-18||Series of interventions against nationalists.|
|NICARAGUA||1894||Month-long occupation of Bluefields.|
|NICARAGUA||1896||Marines land in port of Corinto.|
|NICARAGUA||1898||Marines land at port of San Juan del Sur.|
|NICARAGUA||1899||Marines land at port of Bluefields.|
|NICARAGUA||1907||Dollar Diplomacy; protectorate set up.|
|NICARAGUA||1910||Marines land in Bluefields and Corinto.|
|NICARAGUA||1912-33||10-year US occupation, fought guerillas|
|NICARAGUA||1981-90||Command operation: CIA directs Contra invasions, mines the harbors to prevent receipt of humanitarian aid, sabotages transport and communications, trains military extremists in economic destruction, reduces standard of living in Nicaragua by 90%. Millions starve, hundreds of thousands of civilians killed. Worldwide outrage finally puts an end to one of the most outrageous and evil human-rights violations in modern history.|
|PANAMA||1895||Marines land in Colombian province.|
|PANAMA||1901-1914||In 1903 Columbia refuses to cede the canal zone in perpetuity to America, so the US invades Columbia, "Liberates" the isthmus, forms a new country named "Panama" and annexes the Canal Zone. To this day, Panama remains under permanent US military occupation.|
|PANAMA||1908||US Marines intervene in domestic election.|
|PANAMA||1912||US Marines intervene in domestic election.|
|PANAMA||1918-20||US military performs 'police actions' during unrest after elections.|
|PANAMA||1925||Marines invade to suppress general protest strike.|
|PANAMA||1958||Flag protests erupt into confrontation.|
|PANAMA||l964||US troops invade; widespread killing of Panamanians for urging canal's return.|
|PANAMA||1989||US sends in 30,000 troops to oust Nationalist government and arrest leaders. Thousands killed.|
|PERU||2008||The buildup in Peru is designed to project an American presence - with Green Berets, weapons and training facilities, and using napalm against domestic resistance to the US.|
|PUERTO RICO||1898||US Military Seizes Puerto Rico from Spain, occupation continues.|
|PUERTO RICO||1950||Command operation: Puerto Rico Independence rebellion crushed in Ponce.|
|URUGUAY||1947||Nuclear threat to country; Bombers deployed as show of strength.|
|VIRGIN ISLANDS||1989||US invades St. Croix to put down Black unrest after storm.|
|CAMBODIA||1969-1975||US kills more than 2 million Cambodians in decade of illegal bombing, causing starvation and political chaos.|
|CAMBODIA||1975||US troops captured ship, 28 die in copter crash.|
|CHINA||1894-1895||US Marines land to intervene in Sino-Japanese War|
|CHINA||1898-1900||US troops invade to crush Chinese resistance to the Opium trade.|
|CHINA||1911-1941||US navy and troops in continuous occupation.|
|CHINA||1922-1927||US navy and troops deployed during nationalist revolt against Chiang Kai-Shek.|
|CHINA||1927-1934||US Marines stationed throughout China to force obedience.|
|CHINA||1948-1949||US marines lose control when Mao routs Chiang in China's civil war; they evacuate Americans in the face of Mao's victory.|
|CHINA||1958||Further Military intervention. China threatened with US nuclear attack if any attempt made to re-take Taiwan from Chiang.|
|GUAM||1898||US navy and troops invade Guam and seized the territory from Spain. Guam is now the largest military base in the world.|
|HAWAII||1893||US navy and troops sent under control of a civilian who wanted ownership of Hawaii's plantations. Independent Hawaiian kingdom overthrown and annexed.|
|HAWAII||1959||In 1959, under the force of a UN resolution, the US forced a fraudulent vote onto the Hawaiian people - giving a vote to a majority of Americans - and Hawaii was forced to become a state of the US. The Hawaiian Nation still exists, issues its own passports, and each year the US vetoes a resolution to return Hawaii its independence. This was perhaps the most shameful breach of "democracy" ever perpetrated.|
|INDONESIA||l965||Command operation: In CIA-assisted army coup to overthrow government and install Suharto as dictator, the CIA supervised and assisted while approximately 3 million Indonesians were hacked to death with machetes in the greatest mass slaughter in human history.|
|INDONESIA||2010||US establishes an apparently black (classified top-secret) military-medical facility, presumably a torture laboratory. The US claims its purpose is focused on "peace support operations", but indications are more sinister.|
|KOREA||1894-96||Marines stationed in Seoul during war.|
|KOREA||1904-05||US invasion: Marines land in Russo-Japanese War.|
|KOREA||1951-53||U.S./So. Korea fights China/No. Korea to stalemate. In 1950, the US makes nuclear threats and against Korea, and more against China in 1953.
US forces carpet-bombed cities and other civilian locations in the North, boasting that in one campaign they had eliminated "more than 20%, maybe 40% of North Korea's civilian population". US war crimes in Korea were unforgiveable, and to this day Korea is still under US military occupation, the US having sabotaged all willing efforts at reunification. All indications are that the US wants another Korean war, so as to eliminate the North and have a colony with US troops on China's doorstep.
|LAOS||1962||Command operation: Military buildup during guerrilla war.|
|LAOS||1971-73||Command operation: U.S. directs South Vietnamese invasion, heavily carpet-bombs Laotian countryside.|
|PAKISTAN||2005||CIA missile and air strikes, covert operations, and Special Forces raids on alleged Al Qaeda and Taliban refuge villages kill multiple civilians. Drone attacks also on Pakistani Mehsud network.|
|PHILIPPINES||1898-1910||US navy and troops invade the Philippines and seize the territory from Spain, Almost one million Philippinos killed|
|PHILIPPINES||1948-54||Command operation: CIA directs war against Huk Rebellion, establishes torture regime and 1,000-page torture manual for circulation.|
|PHILIPPINES||1989||Citizen uprising; US provides deadly air cover for the government.|
|PHILIPPINES||2002||Training mission for Philippine military fighting Abu Sayyaf rebels evolves into combat missions in Sulu Archipelago, west of Mindanao.|
|SAMOA||1899||US invades Samoa due to monarchy succession dispute.|
|VIETNAM||1954||US offers the French nuclear weapons to use against the Vietnamese.|
|VIETNAM||l960-1975||US fabricates ship sinking in Gulf of Tonkin to justify entry into a war in Vietnam. More than two million Vietnamese killed in war; atomic bomb threats in l968 and l969.|
|AFGHANISTAN||1998||Attack on former CIA training camps used by Islamic fundamentalist groups alleged to have attacked embassies.|
|AFGHANISTAN||2001-2011||Massive U.S. military and Blackwater private mobilization involving tens of thousands of troops, in failed alleged search for Osama Bin Laden. Invasion in part to to install Karzai puppet regime, in part to punish Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters, but in large part to protect US commercial oil pipeline route and control source of Rare Earth elements.|
|EGYPT||1956||US invades Egypt, evacuates foreigners: Soviets warned to stay out of Suez crisis under pain of nuclear attack.|
|IRAN||1946||Soviet troops ordered to leave Iran or suffer nuclear attack.|
|IRAN||1953||Command Operation: CIA overthrows popular democracy, installs Shah as dicatator.|
|IRAN||1980||US Raid to rescue Embassy hostages. Soviets warned to stay out of Iranian revolution, again under threat of nuclear attack.|
|IRAN||1984||US military vessel shoots down two Iranian civilian airliners in Iranian territory over the Gulf. US naval commander given a medal by George Bush for this action.|
|IRAN||1987-1988||US intervenes with naval and air bombardment on Iran, to assist Iraq in this US-sponsored war.|
|IRAQ||1958||Iraq deliberately set up by George Bush, assuring no US involvement if Kuwait attacked. Bush reneged.|
|IRAQ||1963||Command operation: CIA organizes coup that kills Iraqi president and returns the Ba'ath Party to power. Saddam Hussein returns from exile to take over the secret service.|
|IRAQ||1990-1991||Massive air and artillery strikes in invasion of Iraq and Kuwait, kiling hundreds of thousands. The freeing of Kuwait required few casuaties, but the prime objective was the wholesale destruction of the Iraqi military. Depleted Uranium artillery shells cause widespread disease and cancer among both Iraqis and Americans; US denies assistance.|
|IRAQ||1991-2003||US military establishes No-fly zone over Iraq's Kurdish north and Shiite south; engages in constant air strikes and naval-enforced economic sanctions|
|IRAQ||1998||Intensive air strikes after weapons inspectors allege Iraqi obstructions.|
|IRAQ||2003-2011||Iraq invaded with more than 250,000 troops and massive air and artillery support. The Baghdad government is removed. US and UK forces occupy the country, creating a civil war between the Sunnis and Shi'ites. insurgencies. More than 160,000 troops and numerous private contractors carry out occupation and build hundreds of large permanent bases, and the largest "embassy" in the world - the Middle East Headquarters of the US Empire.|
|KUWAIT||1991||Kuwait royal family returned to throne.|
|LEBANON||1958||US invasion and Marine occupation.|
|LEBANON||1982-84||US Marines expel PLO and back Phalangists, Navy bombs and shells Muslim positions.|
|LIBYA||1981||Gulf of Sidra. Reagan ordered the Forrestal and Nimitz to deploy off the coast of Libya, in a provocative action designed to produce a military conflict, which it did. Two Libyan air force jets were shot down.|
|LIBYA||1986||The US Operation El Dorado Canyon, was launched from the UK in the face of wide international opposition. The bombing attack was in response to the 1986 Berlin discotheque bombing for which Libya was later found to have been innocent. Most missiles hit Bin Ashur, a densely populated suburb in the capital that included Khaddafi's home, killing his daughter. It was likely an assassination mission that succeeded only in killing thousands of civilians.
Reagan argued that America was only exercising its "right to self defence" and, until the truth emerged, claimed only "terrorist" targets were hit.
|LIBYA||1989||Another US provocation by bringing aircraft carrier groups just off Libya's coast. Two more Libyan jets were shot down.|
|OMAN||1970||U.S. Command operation: directing Iranian marine invasion.|
|SAUDI ARABIA||1973||World-wide alert during Mideast War.|
|SAUDI ARABIA||1990-91||Iraq countered after invading Kuwait. 540,000 troops also stationed in Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, UAE, Israel.|
|SYRIA||2008||Special Forces in helicopter raid 5 miles from Iraq kill 8 Syrian civilians|
|TURKEY||1922||US sent in troops to fight nationalists in Smyrna.|
|YEMEN||2000||USS Cole, docked in Aden, bombed.|
|YEMEN||2002||Predator drone missile attack on Al Qaeda, including a US citizen.|
|YEMEN||2009||US Command operation: Cruise missile attack kills 49 civilians. The US has heavily subsidized Yemen’s military, and has even directly launched cruise missiles, sent in Special Forces and other military assistance to help Yemen’s dictator suppress and ultimately crush the popular people’s movements for independence and liberty.|
|ALBANIA||1997||US military evacuating foreigners.|
|BOSNIA||1993||No-fly zone patrolled in civil war; downed jets, bombed Serbia.|
|GERMANY||1948||Atomic-capable bombers guard Berlin Airlift.|
|GERMANY||1961||Nuclear Alert during Berlin Wall crisis.|
|GREECE||1947-1949||Command operation: U.S. supports and directs Greek Right-Wing extremists in the country's civil war.|
|MACEDONIA||2001||NATO forces deployed to move and disarm Albanian rebels.|
|RUSSIA||1918-1922||Five US naval landings in Russia to fight Bolsheviks|
|YUGOSLAVIA||1919||US intervenes in Italy's behalf against Serbs in Dalmatia.|
|YUGOSLAVIA||1946||US brings carrier group and makes Nuclear threats in response to the downing of a US aircraft.|
|YUGOSLAVIA||1992-1994||NATO Naval blockade of Serbia and Montenegro.|
|YUGOSLAVIA||1999||Heavy NATO air strikes after Serbia declines to withdraw from Kosovo. US bombs Chinese Embassy due to "intellgence error". NATO occupation of Kosovo.|
|ANGOLA||1976-92||US Command operation: CIA assists South African-backed rebels.|
|LIBERIA||1990||US sends in military to evacuate foreigners during the civil war.|
|LIBERIA||1997||Soldiers under fire during evacuation of foreigners.|
|LIBERIA||2003||US involvement in peacekeeping force as rebels drive out leader.|
|SOMALIA||1992-1994||U.S.-led United Nations occupation during civil war; raids against one Mogadishu faction, using ground soldiers and bombers.|
|SOMALIA||2006||The US invaded and occupied Somalia, ousting the Islamist government. The U.S. military has for years fought a Special Forces covert war in Somalia, using gunships, drones, AC-130 bombing raids and Cruise missiles and a naval blockade against "insurgents". It also enlisted Ethiopia’s help support the pro-U.S. government.|
|SUDAN||1998||US missile attack on pharmaceutical factory alleged to be "terrorist" nerve gas plant.|
|ZAIRE (CONGO)||1961||Eisenhower-CIA Assassination of Patrice Lumumba, whose government wanted social and juridical reform, but threatened US commercial interests in cobalt and diamonds.|
|ZAIRE (CONGO)||1996-97||Marines are present in the Rwandan Hutu refugee camps, where Congo revolution begins.|